Closer Look at the Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomass Power
Biomass can be really a good alternative energy resource. The organic and biological materials can be easily renewed. So using up the non renewable natural resources like fossil fuels will be reduced. It is still important to look into the advantages and disadvantages of biomass power. When you sum up the biomass facts, you can have a clearer picture if biomass energy can really be beneficial or not.
The pros of biomass can not be denied. Here are some of the primary benefits of it
Biomass energy uses renewable resource. Biomatter is composed if plants, waste, wood, manure and other materials that can be easily replaced. Plants that will be used to generate energy can be grown every season. The other raw materials are day to day household garbage and landfill waste. So, the materials needed that are needed to produce energy can be easily replaced and there is no need to use the non renewable energy sources.
Biomass energy conserves fossil fuels. It takes a lot of years before nature can reproduce minimal amount of fossil fuels like oil and coal. Since men are so dependent on fossil fuels for energy, the supply can eventually run out. When there is increased use of biomass energy, the demand and dependency for fossil fuels can be reduced.
Biomass energy is an effective way of reducing waste and pollution. These will already have a better purpose and that is to produce energy. For example, the waste from lumber industry like tree branches and wood chips will no longer be dumped. The daily household garbage will be used as biomatter.
Biomass energy does not just reduce physical waste but also prevents pollution to go straight to the atmosphere. The garbage in landfills are utilized for producing biogas. So, the pollution that it emits will no longer contribute to green house effect. Even the plants that are being grown for energy production reduce the carbon dioxide and produces more oxygen.
Biomass as alternative energy source may be beneficial but the cons of biomass should also be considered
The first among biomass cons is the fact that the process can be quite expensive. Converting the biodegradable and organic materials can cost a lot of money. That is because the materials have to go through several stages before it can be converted to usable bioenergy. Also, since there is still limited technology when it comes to processing biomass materials, generating the electricity can be costly. To improve the technology, money still has to be allocated for it. Even the collection and storage of raw materials add up to the cost.
Another disadvantage of using biomass energy is that it will use up a big area of land. If plants and crops will be used to generate energy, it only means that there should be sufficient land area where these can be planted. There should also be constant planting all year round. Other areas can no longer be developed and there is a tendency that planting crops for power may affect the supply of food.
It may be an ironic thing but biomass energy also has the tendency to negate the effort to preserve the environment. Direct combustion of biomass materials to produce heat energy can also emit gases that can be environmental pollutants. When the process of converting biomass to energy is not properly done, it can also worsen the green house effect.