What is An Ethanol MSDS?
The ethanol MSDS or ethanol Material Safety Data Sheet refers to a form that contains data regarding the properties of ethanol. Most substances are required to have an MSDS, which are also called COSHH data sheet in the UK.
An MSDS is an essential document that outlines guidelines for product usage. It is required for workplace safety or any place where the product is used as it provides detailed information to all workers on the safe and proper handling and working with a particular substance or product. It also provides information to emergency personnel on how to deal with the said substance in case of accidents or other emergencies.
Information Included in an MSDS
Here are some examples of the information commonly found in an MSDS.
• Melting point
• Boiling point
• Flash point
• Safe disposal procedure
• Protective equipment required
• Safe handling procedures
• Potential hazards and health effects
• First aid procedure
• Fire fighting measures
• Recommended storage procedure
Using an MSDS is a common system for cataloging and publicizing information on chemicals, chemical compounds, and mixtures, and may differ for each form that a substance takes. For example, the MSDS of ethanol in an E10 blend will be different from the MSDS of ethanol in an E85 blend. Ethanol MSDS may also differ from one country to another, and from one ethanol producer to another. This is why an MSDS for ethanol alcohol will also contain information about its producer such as company name, address, and contact numbers.
An Example of An Ethanol MSDS
Section 1 – Physical and Chemical Properties
Chemical name: Ethanol
MSDS Name: Pure Ethanol
Molecular formula: C2H5OH
Synonyms: Ethyl alcohol, ethyl hydrate, ethyl hydroxide, fermentation alcohol, grain alcohol, molasses alcohol, wine spirits
Appearance: Clear and colorless, in liquid form
Odor: Mild, slightly pleasant, similar to wine
Molecular weight: 46.0414
Vapor pressure: 59.3 mm Hg at 20 degrees C
Vapor density: 1.59
Viscosity: 1.200 cP at 20 degrees C
Flash point: 16.6° Celsius
Boiling point: 78 degrees C
Freezing/melting point: 114.1 degrees C
Section 3 – Potential Hazards and Health Effects
Eye: May cause painful sensitization to light, corneal damage, and chemical conjunctivitis.
Skin: May cause skin irritation and cyanosis of the extremities.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation characterized by nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. May cause acidosis and systemic toxicity.
Inhalation: In high concentrations, inhalation may cause central nervous system effects, respiratory tract irritation, and narcotic effects.
Warning: Ethanol may bring about negative fetal effects. Based on laboratory experiments, it can cause mutagenic effects. Studies conducted on animals also led to the detection of tumors. Increased exposure may lead to kidney, liver, or heart damage.
Section 4 – First Aid Measures
In case of:
Eye Contact: Get medical aid. Lift the eyelids gently and wash eyes continuously with clean water.
Skin Contact: Seek medical aid immediately. Flush skin with water and soap. Clothes that come into contact with the substance should be washed before they are re-used.
Inhalation: Move to an area with fresh air. If breathing has stopped, provide artificial respiration to victim. If victim experiences breathing difficulties, seek medical aid while providing oxygen assistance. Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation must not be used.
Ingestion: If the patient is conscious, he/she must be given 2 to 4 cups of milk. If milk is not available, use water instead. Vomiting should not be induced. However, if the patient is unconscious, it is unsafe to administer anything; seek medical help immediately.
Section 5 – Storage and Handling
Handling Precautions: Contact with eyes, skin, and clothing must be avoided while handling the substance. Contact lenses must not be used. Use protective gloves, preferably made of butyl rubber material, and wash hands thoroughly after handling. The substance should only be used in an area with proper ventilation. Equipment must be spark-proof and explosion proof. Keep container tightly closed and keep away from heat, flame, and sparks. Empty containers with product residue can be dangerous.
Storage Precautions: The substance is flammable and combustible, so it must be kept away from sparks, heat, and flame. The substance should be stored in a tightly closed container. However, substance may attack plastic and rubber coatings. Contact with oxidizing materials and other incompatible substances should also be avoided. Store in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area away from perchlorates, nitric acid, chromic acid, and peroxides.
The above example is a denatured ethanol MSDS sheet in 100% concentration. An ethanol with 70% concentration will require a different MSDS sheet. Likewise, ethanol 95 MSDS will also be different.