Considerations When Designing a Homemade Water Turbine
Did you know that you can also live off the grid, which means you don’t have to rely on the main power line for energy? Yes this can be done, and this is made possible by the micro hydroelectric and the homemade water turbine generator.
"Just have a good water flow in your property and you are on your way to power independence"
A significant or a good water flow in the property should mean that the water movement in the property should be in the form of a small stream of water with a large drop to the slow flow and movement of water. This is the first requirement that should be satisfied if the intent is to go power independent with the help of the homemade water turbine and micro generator.
Of course it should be kept in mind that the quality and quantity of power that can be produced in the property by the homemade water turbines will be dependent on the quality of water movement.
For example, if the stream of water falls from a good height then there is a big chance that a large amount of electricity can be produced. Now before getting mesmerized by the water turbine power and before installing your own homemade water turbine, it’s best to be aware of the many turbine types and its different possible configurations.
There are different types and subtypes of the turbines. The listing of the most common turbines is divided into two, the reaction turbines and the impulse turbines.
Under the reaction turbines, you will be presented with the Francis-type, the Kaplan and the Propeller type. And for the impulse turbines, you may check out the ‘Pelton’ and the Turgo. But more than this, if you are really going to learn how to make a homemade water turbine, then you should know that there are different turbine configurations to choose from as well.
Each of the configurations is recommended for a very specific application. For your convenience, we list two possible configurations for the turbine for power generation.
One such possible configuration is the inclined axis, for every low head Kaplan turbine. The inclination of the axis here can be 15 to 45 degrees. This is the best recommendation for the properties with low head.
If you measure the head, then this configuration is best for the property with a net head of 2-8 meters. One more configuration worth nothing is the horizontal axis, and the pit Kaplan turbine. For this layout, the generator should be fitted in the bulb or the pit. Other factors should be kept into play when trying to adopt this type of turbine. For example, to get the best power quantity, the fall should be at least 3 feet and there should be at least 20 gallons of flowing water for every minute.
Another consideration is by making the pipeline bigger so that losses due to friction can be avoided. Adopting a water turbine electric generator for home use can be tough, but when properly installed and guided the power requirements of the home can be answered.