Now is the Time to Understand the Hydroelectric Energy Advantages and Disadvantages
Did you know that hydroelectric power plants are the biggest ‘renewable’ energy contributors in the United States? Based on the latest count, hydroelectric energy accounts to 7 percent of the total US energy generation.
And if this energy source is compared with the other renewable energy sources used in the US, it can be noted that this energy accounts to 35 percent of all renewable energy generated. This is one validation that this form of energy is the wave of the future, and countries including the US are looking for ways on how to fully maximize energy generated from hydro plants.
When you say hydroelectric, then this means that the energy is sourced from water. Water is harnessed as it flows through the pipe or called the penstock and then this pushes against and then turns the blades in the turbine which in turn spins the generator to produce electricity. This is a type of renewable energy where the main source-water- is replenished. So the good thing about this energy is that you don’t have to worry about depleting the energy source.
As long as there are water resources, then the power plants will get going and going. Now this is just one of the many advantages of hydroelectric energy. By further reading on this content, you get to realize that there is more to the energy and you will get to learn about some of the drawbacks of this energy source as well.
By learning the hydroelectric energy advantages and disadvantages, you will have a better understanding of what this energy of the future is all about.
There are a number of reasons why the use of this energy is starting to get traction not just in the US but in other countries as well. Listed below are some of the good things painted about this energy source:
• There is a constant production of the electricity once the dam has been constructed.
• If there is no need for the electricity, the administrators can easily shut the gate thus stopping the electricity generation. This is a cost-effective way of power generation since the water can be conserved for the next generation.
• Dams are constructed to be tough thus it can be expected that this can sustain energy generation for many decades. Also the dam can be used for other purposes as well. For example this can be converted to a water sports complex.
• Based on the experiences of many countries, the water can also be used for irrigation purposes.
The discussion about the hydroelectric energy advantages and disadvantages will not be complete without listing the disadvantages of hydroelectric energy. Use the following data listed below in understanding what usually go wrong in every hydroelectric project:
• Construction of support facilities like the dam can be costly, and this should be constructed to the highest standards. In line with this, due to cost this project should extend for generations.
• Flooding can also be expected, and this can affect low-lying and agricultural areas.
• Dam building can have significant geological damages. Remember what happened to Hoover Dam in the US? The construction of this dam was believed to have caused a number of earthquakes.
It’s not all good things about this energy source, so it’s best to weigh down the hydroelectricity pros and cons. By comparing notes and researching on the hydroelectric pros and cons, you will how important this energy source is and understand the reasons why it takes time before a project of this magnitude is implemented.