Guide to a Basic Hydroelectricity Model
One of the best ways to understand the operations of the hydroelectric plant and its many components is by having a hydroelectricity model.
This is not to say that the hydroelectric power plant model is true to form or very much scaled. You can even make a hydroelectricity model for kids that are made from simple and easy to source materials.
The only intent here is to have a basis for properly understanding the concept, the components and the nature of the operations of the plant. And if you want to have a proper understanding on how hydro power is generated, then the model that can be made can help.
If you check out some of the resources online, then for sure you have noted some recommendations on how to make a hydroelectricity model.
One of the simplest resources online was that experiment that made use of milk bottle tops and plastic spoons in order to build a model for the water-powered turbine or technically called as the ‘Pelton Wheel’.
In order to make this specific model, you should focus on the turbine which is actually the linear to rotational kinetic energy converter. This will require you to construct the magnet alternator and installing this and the turbine in the housing which can be made from the plastic bottle.
For this simple undertaking to build hydroelectricity models, you can use the old CDs to act as the rotor and the stator. The good thing about the CDs is that these are readily available and they are considered as tough as well where you can easily mount the magnet and the coils.
In order for you to make a model of the hydro turbine and the hydro turbine (Pelton type), then you can use two major supplies-the plastic cap or cap for the milk bottle and plastic spoons. What you should do is to place first the plastic cap on the table and make seven cuts or slots on the side of the plastic cap. Now get seven plastic spoons, and cut the handle of these spoons by half. Then what you should do next is to insert the handle of the spoon one by one on the slot created on the side of the plastic cap. In minutes, you get a fun model of the turbine, the Pelton wheel type.
In order for the plastic spoons to stick, you can use a glue gun to stick the spoons.
The CDs that you found can serve as the ‘rotor’ of alternator. A small square piece material should be placed at the middle of the CD covering the hole, then poke a steel rod on the center. And use four magnets on the CD, and make sure that this is evenly distributed. On the other side of the ‘rotor’ another four magnets should be glued to the CD.
By doing these small and fun projects, you can easily have the basis for your hydroelectricity model. All you need to do now is to prepare the housing and in order to test the project.